Why the Royal Canadian Navy is important:
- Three things make Canada sovereign at sea:
- effective surveillance
- meaningful presence
- an ability to control maritime events in our own waters.
- The Royal Canadian Navy’s fundamental mission is to defend the nation. Maritime security at home and abroad is vital to Canadians’ way of life
- Sea borne exports account for 40 per cent of our $1.069 Trillion GDP
- Canada is a maritime nation and one of the world’s most important coastal states. It has the world’s longest coastline, the second largest continental shelf and the 5th largest Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
- At just over 7 million km2 , our maritime estate represents an area equaling 70 percent of the size of our entire landmass. There are 11,000 companies operating in the ocean sector, employing 145,000 Canadians.
HMCS – Her Majesty’s Canadian Ship
In a typical year, any Canadian Fleet Pacific ship could spend up to 150 days at sea on vital naval activities such as sovereignty patrols, search and rescue operations, international military commitments, individual ship/multi-ship critical training, and joint or multilateral exercises.
Iroquois Class, Area Air Defence Destroyer HMCS Algonquin:
The primary role of the destroyer is long-range air defence. Algonquin is used as a command and control platform, is equipped with the most modern integrated combat control system, and has advanced communication capabilities.
The ship is 127.8m long and travels 29 knots with a crew of 280. It can house two Sea King helicopters and utilize torpedoes, missiles, and various guns.
Halifax Class, Multi-Role Patrol Frigate HMCS Vancouver, Calgary, Regina,Winnipeg and Ottawa:
Described as the workhorse of the Canadian Navy, the multi-purpose frigates carry sophisticated weapons, sensors, and the most modern integrated combat control systems in the world. These ships are well equipped to protect themselves and others in a hostile environment. They are capable of below water, surface-to-surface, and surface-to-air warfare. They have a vast armament including, torpedoes, sea sparrows, harpoons, various guns, an extremely fast-firing PHALANX Close-In Wepaons System, and house one Sea King helicopter. They are 134.1m long, travel at 28 knots, and have a complement of 224.
Victoria Class, Long Range Patrol Submarine HMCS Victoria, Cornerbrook and Chicoutimi:
This submarine provides a formidable defensive and offensive capability, along with being a valuable anti-submarine training asset. It is extremely quiet and stealthy, and well suited for current naval defence roles. Victoria is 70.26m long, has a complement of 48, travels between 12-20 knots, and has a diving depth of 200m.
Protecteur Class, Auxiliary Oil Replenishment HMCS Protecteur:
The replenishment ship supplies task groups at sea with food, munitions, fuel, spare parts and other supplies so they can stay at sea longer. It also has a large medical and dental facility.
Protecteur is 171metres long, travels at 21 knots, and has a complement of 250.
Kingston Class, Maritime Coastal Defence Vessel HMCS Nanaimo, Edmonton, Brandon, Whitehorse, Saskatoon and Yellowknife:
These vessels are manned almost completely by reservists, providing the Naval Reserves with the capability to perform maritime coastal missions.They are 55.3m long, travel at 15 knots, and have a complement of between 30-36 depending on the mission.
Sail Training Yacht HMCS Oriole:
It is the only commissioned yacht and one of the longest serving ships of the Royal Canadian Navy. It was built in 1921, and used for various purposes before being commissioned in 1952. It is primarily used for sail training for junior officers and non-commissioned members as part of their introduction to life at sea. Adventure training courses are also done in Oriole and provides Canadian Forces members the opportunity to experience and respect the forces of nature present at sea.
Orca Class Training Vessels:
Orca class are new training and patrol vessels that support the fleet as replacements for the aging Yard Auxiliary General training boats. The vessels’ primary role is training junior regular and reserve naval officers.
Royal Canadian Navy Website
The official website of the Royal Canadian Navy has information about current operations, classes of ships currently in service and photos.